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For having always successfully countered these phenomena
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Report on subversion, insurrectional anarchy and forms of social antagonism

If jihadist terrorism, in its various manifestations and articulations, is today the “threat” par excellence, unfortunately our country cannot ignore other phenomena of terrorism and subversion, which have instead matured within our society.

This is not only due to the dutiful historical memory of massacres, murders, injuries, which have bloodied Italy for decades, but also because the matrices of those events have not completely disappeared and, like a karst phenomenon, periodically reappear, imposing a constant attention to the bodies in charge of safety, which moreover know well.

For having always successfully countered these phenomena

The ICSA Foundation, in the wake of a consolidated direction of analysis, therefore proposes to carry out a survey on the main ferments of this nature that present, or that could present, symptoms of greater danger for the community and for democratic institutions.

It is first of all appropriate to make a conceptual distinction between subversion and antagonism. The latter in fact is expressed in manifestations of opposition, sometimes violent, but always open, to the established power and its expressions.

On the other hand, subversion requires concrete organization and planning, aimed at breaking down the existing system through diversified actions: from public propaganda, proselytizing and protesting, to explosive and incendiary attacks against material objectives, up to real terrorist actions and own against people.

A typical example of this strategy were, in the 1970s and 1980s, the organizations of the Organized Workers’ Autonomy which, through a combination of street actions, widespread violence and higher harm (defined respectively as destructuring and destabilization), pursued the objective system disintegration.

The program was in fact carried out through a double level: the first, public, theorising and mass demonstrations; the second clandestine and compartmentalized by objectives and level of confrontation.

The organizational model of the Red Brigades was different

Totally clandestine in the structure and rigidly compartmentalized, which posed themselves as the armed vanguard of the Party, through actions that initially aimed at hitting the management structure of the large factories, and therefore the heart of the State in its political summits. institutional.

The response, albeit belatedly compact by the Institutions, and the effective action of the Police Forces, resulted for both organizations in arrests, splits, and finally dissociations and collaborations, the latter resulting from the awareness of the historical and political failure of the planned adhesion of mass to the revolutionary path.

The organizational model of the Red Brigades was differentNonetheless, at the turn of the 2000s, an offshoot of the Armed Party, the Combat Communist Nuclei, renamed themselves the Red Brigades for the CCP, attempted to reconstitute the organization, becoming the author of murderous actions in the crucial sector of labor law (D’Antona murders and Biagi), but once again being identified and neutralized by the action of the Police Forces.

The limited resurgence of the Red Brigades phenomenon, which failed to gather support and recruit new followers, still requires specialized police and intelligence bodies to pay particular attention to this matrix, which has shown that it knows how to regenerate even when it seemed completely defeat.



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